Sixteen major languages of India are spoken in Mumbai, with the most common being Marathi and its dialect East Indian; as well as Hindi, Gujarati and English. [46], Other variations recorded in the 16th and the 17th centuries include: Mombayn (1525), Bombay (1538), Bombain (1552), Bombaym (1552), Monbaym (1554), Mombaim (1563), Mombaym (1644), Bambaye (1666), Bombaiim (1666), Bombeye (1676), Boon Bay (1690),[45][47] and Bon Bahia. In the City of Mumbai MLA List 2019, 7 MLAs out of 10 are the same as in the 2014 Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha Election. Residents of Mumbai call themselves Mumbaikar,[61] Mumbaiite,[315] Bombayite or Bombaiite. [5] With available land at a premium, Mumbai residents often reside in cramped, relatively expensive housing, usually far from workplaces, and therefore requiring long commutes on crowded mass transit, or clogged roadways. The western part of the Mumbai Suburban district forms the Western Suburbs and the … [292] Almost all of Mumbai's daily refuse of 7,800 metric tonnes, of which 40 metric tonnes is plastic waste,[293] is transported to dumping grounds in Gorai in the northwest, Mulund in the northeast, and to the Deonar dumping ground in the east. The Bene Israeli Jewish community of Bombay, who migrated from the Konkan villages, south of Bombay, are believed to be the descendants of the Jews of Israel who were shipwrecked off the Konkan coast, probably in the year 175 BCE, during the reign of the Greek ruler, Antiochus IV Epiphanes. [237] Mumbai's suburban rail systems carried a total of 6.3 million passengers every day in 2007. The term had been in use for quite some time but it gained popularity after the official name change to Mumbai. 8347322: Also Known As. [210] The Mumbai Traffic Police is a semi-autonomous body under the Mumbai Police. [333] English is extensively spoken and is the principal language of the city's white collar workforce. Mumbai Suburban District ... Localities in the Area. The Indian Badminton League (IBL), now known as the Premier Badminton League is also visiting Mumbai since its inaugural edition in 2013 when the final was held in Mumbai's National Sports Club of India. [92] They called the islands by various names, which finally took the written form Bombaim. [415] The city is planning to build its own F1 track and various sites in the city were being chalked out, of which the authorities have planned to zero down on Marve-Malad or Panvel-Kalyan land. Mumbai lies at the mouth of the Ulhas River on the western coast of India, in the coastal region known as the Konkan. [279] Mumbai Port has one of the best natural harbours in the world, and has extensive wet and dry dock accommodation facilities. District consists of three administrative subdivisions (Talukas) Andheri, Borivali and Kurla. [118] During the American Civil War (1861–1865), the city became the world's chief cotton-trading market, resulting in a boom in the economy that subsequently enhanced the city's stature. [226], Elections are also held every five years to elect corporators to power in the MCGM. Following the demolition of the Babri Masjid in Ayodhya, the city was rocked by the Hindu-Muslim riots of 1992–93 in which more than 1,000 people were killed. By the middle of the 18th century, Bombay began to grow into a major trading town, and received a huge influx of migrants from across India. [209] The city is divided into seven police zones and seventeen traffic police zones,[150] each headed by a deputy commissioner of police. With the Treaty of Surat (1775), the British formally gained control of Salsette and Bassein, resulting in the First Anglo-Maratha War. [140] In 2006, 209 people were killed and over 700 injured when seven bombs exploded on the city's commuter trains. Mumbai's history as a major trading centre has led to a diverse range of cultures, religions, and cuisines coexisting in the city. [112] The British were able to secure Salsette from the Marathas without violence through the Treaty of Purandar (1776),[113] and later through the Treaty of Salbai (1782), signed to settle the outcome of the First Anglo-Maratha War. [395] The BARC operates CIRUS, a 40 MW nuclear research reactor at their facility in Trombay. [233] Auto rickshaws are allowed to operate only in the suburban areas of Mumbai, while taxis are allowed to operate throughout Mumbai, but generally operate in South Mumbai. ", "When it comes to courses, MU dishes up a big buffet", India Today Best Universities 2013: University of Mumbai – | Photo1 | India Today |, "India Today ranks India's Best Universities for 2013", "Admission process for autonomous engg colleges to start today", "First U.S.-India joint EMBA program begins", "..:: Directorate of Technical Education, Maharashtra State, Mumbai ::", "University ties up with renowned institutes", "IT Raids at IPL Headquarter at BCCI in Mumbai, reports NDTV | InvestmentKit.com Articles", "Attacking pattern of play has delivered", "Brabourne – the stadium with a difference", "Forget cricket, soccer's new media favourite", "I-League: Mahindra United to face Mumbai FC", "HIL: Police assure tight security for matches in Mumbai", "Badminton Association of India announces the 2nd Edition of the Indian Badminton League", "Mallya, Diageo fight for McDowell Derby", "Motor racing-Force India F1 team to launch 2008 car in Mumbai", "Bangalore replaces Mumbai on ATP Tour circuit", "Executive Summary on Comprehensive Transportation Study for MMR", "Office of the Commissioner of Police, Mumbai", "Multilingualism, Multiculturalism and Education: Case Study of Mumbai City", "Population and Employment profile of Mumbai Metropolitan Region", "The Mumbai Municipal Corporation Act, 1888", Official website of the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mumbai&oldid=1000335459, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source 2: Tokyo Climate Center (mean temperatures 1981–2010), MH-01 Mumbai(S/C), MH-02 Mumbai(W), MH-03 Mumbai(E), MH-47 Borivali, This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 18:08. Find tehsil map of Mumbai, highlights the name and location of all the Talukas in Mumbai district, Maharashtra. [122] While the city was the capital of the Bombay Presidency, the Indian independence movement fostered the Quit India Movement in 1942 and the Royal Indian Navy mutiny in 1946. The Banganga Festival is a two-day music festival, held annually in the month of January, which is organised by the Maharashtra Tourism Development Corporation (MTDC) at the historic Banganga Tank in Mumbai. Football is another popular sport in the city, with the FIFA World Cup and the English Premier League being followed widely. The Bandra-Worli Sea Link bridge, along with Mahim Causeway, links the island city to the western suburbs. [417], Regional and Professional Sports Teams from Mumbai, Former Regional and Professional Sports Teams from Mumbai, "Bombay" redirects here. School of Art is Mumbai's oldest art institution. 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